Author(s): Komarabattina Rattaiah1, Kotikala Prabhakara Rao2
INTRODUCTION: The subject of kidney anomalies has created much interest to the scientists in late 1950 and 1960 with the aim of prevention and curing. Etiological factors includes various genetic environmental factors, teratogens such as physical, chemical, nutritional, causing mutations in the genes. Hypoplastic kidney indicates small kidney that have less normal number of calices and nephrons.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: The present study has been under taken on 76 kidneys from cadavers and 60 from sonograms and 40 from fetal kidneys. Kidneys identified and photographs are taken in situ wherever necessary
OBSERVATION: 10 hypo plastic kidneys were observed.
SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION: The cause for this is many birth defects, it may be unilateral or bilateral, in unilateral the other kidney shows greater compensatory group.