Author(s): Arpita Lagoo1, Jyoti Lagoo2, K. L. Azad3
BACKGROUND The incidence of Rhesus blood group is mainly dependent on shifting of population from time to time, change in structure of ethnic group and also of patient’s awareness to attend medical centres and increased consciousness in the medical profession for the Rhesus blood group. The importance of Rhesus blood group incidence study lies in the detection of Rh-ve females giving birth to the new born which may suffer from haemolytic disease and to prevent its dreadful complications. The main objective was to study the incidence of Rhesus blood group in pregnant women. METHODS The study was carried out at Late Baliram Kashyap Memorial Hospital, Jagdalpur, Chhattisgarh, for a period of one year. Patients admitted in Obstetrics and Gynaecology department were included in the study. The study was carried out for a period of one year. Data was collected in questionnaire. Detailed history of each patient was taken on admission. Permission from Institutional Ethics Committee was obtained. Initially, informed individual consent was taken from all the patients included in the study. Total number of antenatal patients screened was 40. RESULTS In our series, foetal outcome was studied in 39 patients. Out of them, only in one case, sensitization was present. Maximum number of patients belonged to Group O; next in order is Blood Group B, with 15 patients, followed by Group A with 7 patients. Least number of patients, only 1 belonged to Group AB. Total numbers of cases is 23, out of which 6 cases of still-birth and 4 cases of neonatal death and 10 cases of foetal loss were present. CONCLUSIONS The present study was carried out in 40 cases that were Rh negative and were examined for sensitization, in Gynaecology & Obstetrics Department of Medical College, Jagdalpur. In the present study, because of regular antenatal care, routine and special investigations done as per protocol, and timing the delivery at optimum period of gestation, the perinatal mortality was considerably low.