Pritam Pritish Patnaik1, Bhupati Bhusan Das2, Sushanta Kumar Das3, Niranjan Sahoo4, Laxmidhar Padhy5
Foot infections are the most common problems in patients with diabetes. These individuals are predisposed to foot infections because of a compromised vascular supply secondary to diabetes. Local trauma and/or pressure (often in association with lack of sensation because of neuropathy), in addition to microvascular disease, may result in various diabetic foot infections that run the spectrum from simple, superficial cellulitis to chronic osteomyelitis. Globally, diabetic foot infections are the most common skeletal and soft-tissue infections in patients with diabetes. The incidence of diabetic foot infections is similar to that of diabetes in various ethnic groups and most frequently affect elderly patients. There are no significant differences between the sexes. The mortality risk is highest in patients with chronic osteomyelitis and in those with acute necrotizing soft-tissue infections.