Author(s): Balkrishna Harishchandrarao Namdhari1
Fundamental part of preventing transfusion transmitted infections (TTI) is to notify and counsel reactive donors. Policy advocates notification to all reactive blood donors, blood banks are now required to obtain written consent from donors at the time of donation for screening blood for TTI whether they wish to be informed about their abnormal test results. If any tests are abnormal test results before notification to the donors, the tests are repeated either using 2 assays of different principles or in duplicate with same assay.
This is a retrospective study of the 12 years from the year 2003 to 2014 of district Solapur of India, so this data is being analysed in respect to ‘Transfusion Transmitted Infections’. The study is aimed to determine the prevalence of TTI among the blood donors of district Solapur and to determine the trend of TTI and also to know the preventive measures of TTI. Statistical analysis by comparing the blood collection (manufacturing) of 12 years and discard due to TTI in the form of percentage. Area graph of TTI discard percentage and line graph of manufacturing of blood is prepared.
TTI discard% is declined from 5.68% to 3.10% while blood collection is climbed up by 62.55% in 12 years, average TTI discard units% of 12 years was 3.98%.
Seroprevalence for TTI further can be reduced by strict adherence to WHO selection and deferral criteria of donors. Properly conducting donor interviews, notification of permanently deferred donors will help in discarding less number of blood bags from collected units.