Abstract

A HISTOPATHOLOGICAL STUDY OF PROSTATE LESIONS IN JAMSHEDPUR, JHARKHAND, INDIA

Author(s): Shailendra Nath Paul BACKGROUND Cancer of the prostate is typically a disease of men older than age 50 years. It is the most common cancer in west and the 2nd leading cause of cancer death among men. The objective of this study is to evaluate the pattern of histopathological types of prostatic lesions seen in the pathology department of MGM Medical College, Jamshedpur, Jharkhand. MATERIALS AND METHODS All prostate specimens were received and processed in pathology department of MGM Medical College, Jamshedpur over a period of two years from September 2013 to August 2015. Their diagnosis was confirmed by histopathological examination (HPE) and reports of all specimens were prepared. RESULTS Prostatic biopsy (prostatectomy & Trucut biopsy) was done in all 152 cases in the O.T. of MGM Medical College, Jamshedpur. These prostatic tissue specimens were received and processed in the histopathology section of pathology department and prepared reports. The preponderance of the cases was benign prostatic hyperplasia (63.2%), followed by prostatic carcinoma (28.9%), prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN) (1.3%), and inadequate samples (6.6%). CONCLUSION In the present study, BPH is the most common prostate lesion. Prostatic carcinoma is relatively high and most of the cases have a high GS (Gleason Score) that indicates high mortality in our population. Attempts should be made to increase the consciousness so as to decrease the mortality.