Chayanika Kalita1, Lohit Kumar Kalita2, Urmila Das Baruah3, Umesh Ch. Sarma4
The incidence of skin cancer has been increasing dramatically during the past two decades. Over the past three decades, more people have had skin cancer than all other cancers combined. Each year there are more new cases of skin cancer than the combined incidence of cancers of the breast, prostate, lung and colon. The National Cancer Institute warns that from 40 to 50 percent of all Americans who live to age 65 years will develop at least one skin cancer if the current trend continues. As the incidence of skin cancers has been increasing every year, it is now more important than ever to define an accurate aetiology of skin cancer to pave the way for appropriate preventative measures to be taken. This study describes epidemiology, pathology, clinical features, diagnosis and prognosis of cutaneous malignancy. As an increasing body of literature points to an interplay between the cutaneous malignancy and its probable risk factors, pathology, diagnosis and prognosis.