Thanjai Govindarajan Umamaheswari
The aim of the study is to analyse the types of glaucoma associated with trauma and to study the causative mechanism of glaucoma associated with trauma.
MATERIAL AND METHODS
100 patients with glaucoma following trauma who attended the Regional Institute of Ophthalmology, Government Ophthalmic Hospital, Chennai, during the period of June 2005 to October 2007 were taken for this prospective study.
Of the 100 patients, number of patients with open angle (49%) and angle closure glaucoma (51%) were almost equal. Among the open angle glaucomas that caused by hyphaema contributed around 25%. This is followed by inflammation (15%), angle recession (6%) and lens particle glaucoma (3%). Among the angle closure glaucomas, lens-induced glaucomas contributed to 37%, which is followed by peripheral anterior synechiae (13%) and neovascular glaucoma (1%).
Injury to the eye leads to a chain of various complications of which glaucoma is the most dreadful one. Visual prognosis of ocular trauma depends on several factors. Examination and treatment should be carried out immediately following an eye injury to prevent visual loss.