Author(s): Sunnapu Uma Maheswararao1, Vanju V. V. Lakshmi2, B. Shahajeer3, D. Asha Latha4
To study the variations in the arrangement of renal hilar structures in human cadavers which are observed in anteroposterior direction.
MATERIALS & METHODS
Forty two (42) embalmed cadaveric kidneys are observed for studying the variations, the renal hilar structures arrangement and for branching of renal vessels. The number of branches of renal artery, number of supernumerary renal arteries & arrangement of structures at the hilar and prehilar region is studied.
In the present study, 29 kidneys were having normal renal arteries, whereas 13 kidneys were having the supernumerary renal arteries. In these 29 kidneys group, 15 kidneys (51.7%) were having common pattern of renal hilar structures, arrangement is RV-RA-RP in an anteroposterior direction. In 7 kidneys (24.1%), AD & PD of RA are present in between the RV & RP. In 4 kidneys (13.4%), RV is present in between AD, PD of renal artery.
Information about the arrangement of renal hilar structures is very important for general surgeons, urologists & transplant surgeons because this knowledge minimises the intraoperative & postoperative complications.